Nepal is a beautiful, diverse and fascinating country and culture. It is the meeting point of different tectonic forces and cultures. The meeting of the Indian Subcontinent and mainland Asia has formed the Himalayas. It is the collision point of Hinduism and Buddhism and of Tibeto-Burmese language group and the Indo-European, and a meeting of Central Asian culture and Indian culture.
Nepal lags behind the level of development of its neighbours in South Asia. About half the population love below the international poverty line of US$1.25 a day. The United Nations ranks Nepal 144th out of the worlds 182 countries on its Human Development Index. In 2010 the infant mortality rate was 47.46 deaths per 1000 live births. This is a decrease from 62 per 1000 in 2008.
Its development has just broken out of a 10-year hiatus (or backward slide), a result of Maoist insurgency and political instability. The Nepali Civil War was a conflict between government forces and Maoist rebels which lasted from 1996-2006. During this time it is estimated between 100,000 and 150,000 people were internally displaced as a result of the conflict. The majority of rural development activities were disrupted or ceased and the nation’s economy suffered.
The country is struggling to come to terms with the social devastation incurred during those 10 years. The new government of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal formed between 2006-2008 has its work cut out for it.
Approximately 30 million people live in Nepal on a land area of 147,000 square kilometres. The capital Kathmandu has a population of just fewer than one million. Nepal is a land locked country bounded by India in the west, south and east, and China-occupied Tibet in the north. It contains more than 240 mountain peaks over 6,000 metres and has eight of the world’s ten highest mountains including the highest Sagarmatha, known in English as Mount Everest.
The demographics are complicated not only by dozens of ethnic groups but also by different castes, which also function as ethnic groups. There are a total of 103 ethnic groups. According to the new Nepali constitution all national languages can be used as official languages and there are over 100 recognised languages. The most commonly used are Nepali (Gurkhali or Khaskura) and Nepal Bhasa (Newari). Nepali is spoken by 60% of Nepalis.
Although 80% of the population are Hindu and 11% Buddhist many Nepali people combine Hindu and Buddhist practice and many temples are shared between the two religions.
It is this rich multi-dimensional cultural heritage comprising the various diverse ethnic, tribal and social groups and the different altitudinal regions that has formed the wonderful dance, music and handicrafts of the country.
We currently partner three eco ethical enterprises in Nepal supplying us with a great range of handmade nettle, soy, silk, hemp and cotton scarves, felt products, prayer flags,and hair accessories. We are pleased to be able to support these enterprises and their employees.
The following are our eco ethical enterprise partners in Nepal. Please click on the name to view more information about the enterprise and the products that they produce.
This is a great eco-conscious enterprise that produces natural and organic fabrics.
Small scale enterprises are usually the backbone of a developing country’s economy.
There are products from Nepal in the following categories.
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